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This epithet utilized the plural of the adjective Lacedaemonius (Greek: ; Latin: Lacedaemonii, but also Lacedaemones).If the ancients wished to refer to the country more directly, instead of Lacedaemon, they could use a back-formation from the adjective: Lacedaemonian country.
Spartiates underwent the rigorous agoge training and education regimen, and Spartan phalanges were widely considered to be among the best in battle.
This term was sometimes used to refer to all the regions under direct Spartan control, including Messenia.
Lakedaimona was until 2006 the name of a province in the modern Greek prefecture of Laconia.
from which it emerged victorious, though at a great cost of lives lost.
Sparta's defeat by Thebes in the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC ended Sparta's prominent role in Greece.